While remaining on the bit, the horse should be attentive, straight and immobile.
The horse is allowed complete freedom to lower and stretch out his head and neck.
The walk should be marching and regular and must be four beats.
In the extended walk the horse covers as much ground as possible without losing the
regularity of his steps. The rider allows the horse to stretch out his head and
neck without losing contact with the mouth.
The horse should be properly balanced and remain on the bit. The horse should go forward with
regular, elastic, and cadenced strides with good hock action. The trot is two-beat on alternate
diagonal legs separated by a period of suspension.
The collected trot is shorter than the working trot, but with increased lightness and mobility of the
shoulders. The hocks should be well engaged, and the horse should remain on the bit.
A pace between the working and the extended trots. While remaining on the bit, the horse lengthens
and lowers the neck slightly as the strides are lengthened. The medium trot is "rounder" than
the extended trot. The steps should be regular and the horse should remain balanced.
The horse should cover as much ground as possible while maintaining the cadence. While remaining balanced
and on the bit, the horse lengthens the frame and the stride as a result of great impulsion from
the hindquarters. In the forward movement of the extension, the movement of the fore and hind
legs should be similar (parallel).
Leg Yield in Trot
The horse is flexed slightly away from the direction of travel, but remains basically straight
(forehand leading slightly). The inside legs pass and cross in front of the outside legs.
The quality of the trot must be maintained.
Shoulder In (Trot)
The horse is slightly bent to the inside (away from direction of travel). The inside foreleg passes
and crosses in front of the outside foreleg while the inside hind leg is placed in front of the
outside hind leg. The shoulder in is a suppling and collecting movement.
The quality of the trot should be maintained.
This is the inverse movement in relation to Travers, with the tail instead of the head to the wall.
Otherwise the same principles and conditions are applicable as at the travers.
Half Pass in Trot
The horse is bent to the inside and the movement is performed on a diagonal line. The forehand
should lead slightly and the outside legs cross in front of the inside legs. The quality of the trot must
be maintained with particular attention to the impulsion and engagement of the inside hind leg.
Stretching at the Working Trot
Required at Training and First levels, the horse is allowed to follow the giving hand. This results
in the horse reaching forward and down into the contact. The horse should remain in balance,
without falling onto the forehand. Upon shortening of the reins, the horse should calmly accept
the contact and continue forward in working trot on the bit.
Commonly referred to as "trot in place," the piaffe is a highly collected movement. The quarters
are lowered and the hocks well engaged, allowing freedom and mobility of the shoulders. The steps
should be regular and cadenced.
The Passage is a measured, very collected, very elevated and very cadenced trot. There should
be pronounced engagement and increased flexion of the knees and hocks. The movement should be elastic.
The horse should be properly balanced and remain on the bit. The
horse should go forward with light, regular and cadenced
strides with good hock action. The canter must be three beat -- for example, in the right lead canter the footfalls would be:
left hind, left fore and right hind together, right fore, period suspension.
The horse should
cover as much ground as possible while maintaining a clear rhythm. While
balanced and on the bit, the horse lengthens the frame and the stride as a result of great impulsion from the hindquarters.
Flying Change of Lead
The change of lead occurs during the period of suspension in the canter. The rhythm
and balanced must be maintained and the changes should be straight. The flying changes can be
done in series: every 4 strides, every 3 strides, every 2 strides or every stride.
The counter canter is a balancing movement where the rider deliberately makes the horse
canter with the outside foreleg leading. The horse is positioned to the side of the leading leg.
The pirouette is a circle executed on two tracks with a radius equal to the length of the horse,
the forehand moving around the haunches. The horse is slightly bent in the direction of the turn
and the forefeet and the outside hind foot move around the inside hind. The canter should be
regular and balanced with increased flexion of the joints. The half pirouette (180 degrees) should
be completed in 3-4 strides and the full pirouette (360 degrees) in 6-8 strides.